This article presents the development and validation of two new measures of psychological well-being: the Comprehensive Inventory of Thriving (CIT) and the Brief Inventory of Thriving (BIT). These measures were developed to measure a broad range of psychological well-being constructs and represent a holistic view of positive functioning, as well as to predict important health outcomes.
Greater life satisfaction predicted fewer doctor visits - even after controlling for baseline health and possible sociodemographic and health-related confounds. Implications for reducing health care costs are discussed.
This study examined the relationship between psychological well being (using measures of vitality and optimism) and hypertension, finding that high emotional vitality but not optimism significantly predicted a reduced risk of hypertension.
Supported by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation through a grant, "Exploring the Concept of Positive Health," to the Positive Psychology Center of the University of Pennsylvania.