Research Database

Use the filters on the left to sort research by publication date, asset type, health asset, or health outcome.

December 2013
The Online Social Self: An Open Vocabulary Approach to Personality
Researchers present a new open language analysis approach that identifies and visually summarizes the dominant naturally occurring words and phrases that most distinguished each Big 5 personality trait. Open-ended, data driven exploration of large datasets combined with established psychological theory and measures offers new tools to further understand the human psyche.
May 2014
Prospective Study of the Association Between Dispositional Optimism and Incident Heart Failure
Prospective data from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative study of older US adults, was analyzed to examine the relationship between optimism and heart failure, adjusting for sociodemographic, biological, behavioral, and psychological covariates. Higher optimism was associated with a lower risk of incident heart failure during the follow-up period, and these effects persisted when accounting for covariates.
July 2014
A Multidimensional Approach to Measuring Well-Being in Students: Application of the PERMA Framework
Martin Seligman's multidimensional theory of psychological well-being, PERMA (positive emotions, engagement, relationships, meaning, and accomplishment), was empirically tested on a sample of Australian male students (age 13-18). Researchers selected a subset of theoretically relevant items from an extensive well-being assessment. Four of the fiver PERMA elements emerged from a factor analysis, along with two ill-being factors.
July 2014
Association of Neighborhood Characteristics with Cardiovascular Health in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Artherosclerosis
An analysis of baseline examination data from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Artherosclerosis was conducted in order to investigate predictors of cardiovascular health (CVH) - a global measure of one's burden of cardiovascular risk factors. Neighborhood environment - such as favorable food stores, physical activity resources, and walking/physical activity environment - and neighborhood socioeconomic status were found to be associated with ideal CVH.
October 2014
Divergent Associations of Antecedent- and Response-Focused Emotion Regulation Strategies with Midlife Cardiovascular Disease Risk
This research study assessed whether antecedent and response-focused emotion regulation had any divergent associations with likelihood of developing cardiovascular disease. Increases in antecedent-focused emotion regulation strategies (reappraisal) were associated with lower cardiovascular disease risk, and increases in response-focused emotion regulation strategies (suppression) were associated with higher cardiovascular disease risk.

Pages